Friday, May 22, 2020

Insomnia and Cognitive Behavior Therapy Essay examples

Insomnia can be defined as a purpose or apparent complexity in falling and staying asleep. Dissimilarities in variables used for measurement sleep-onset time, time asleep, and time awake by some, sleepiness, irritability, or other impairment of daytime function by others, make difficult comparisons between studies. The insomnia treatments for which there is confirmation of efficacy include sleep restriction, in which the patient is instructed to remain in bed only as long as he is actually sleeping, stimulus control no activities in the bedroom except sleep and sex, and a variety of relaxation methods, particularly in the circumstance of multimodal sleep clinics (Rowe, 1995). While sleeping medication is big business,†¦show more content†¦Traditional treatments for chronic insomnia include drugs such as over-the-counter antihistamine preparations, with or without mild analgesics, benzodiazepine receptor agonists, sedating antidepressants, neuroleptics, melatonin, and herba l remedies such as valerian. The pharmacological advance has remained the most extensively used for decades, in spite of extensive concerns about long-term effectiveness, habituation, tolerance, and potential difficulties, especially in elderly people. Growing evidence suggests that non-pharmacological treatments, alone or perhaps in combination with drugs, produce clinically noteworthy and strong improvement. In looking at summary data about treatments, it should be noted, with some recent exceptions, outcome studies of pharmacotherapy are almost entirely restricted to brief treatment duration of less than 6 weeks. Even though little doubt exists about the helpfulness of hypnotic drugs for short-term treatment of acute insomnia, evidence shows that the effects of short-term pharmacotherapy trials degrade over time in patients with chronic insomnia. By contrast, cognitive-behavioural treatments are tough and robustly effective on long-term follow-up. In routine practice, pharma cotherapy and a variety of non-pharmacological interventions are sometimes united. Although clinical experience would seem to propose that this joint approachShow MoreRelatedMillions are Affected by Insomnia1500 Words   |  6 Pages Insomnia is one of the sleep-wake disorders and affects millions on a daily basis. Individuals affected by insomnia can have trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, and/or having non-restorative sleep. According to the American Psychiatric Association, insomnia symptoms are reported by one-third of all adults and 10-15% of those adults experience daytime impairments related to insomnia while 6-10% of them actually meet the criteria for insomnia disorder (2013, p. 364-365). The occurrence of insomniaRead MoreThe Effects Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy On Improving Anxiety Symptoms, Behavioral Problems And Parenting Stress1475 Words   |  6 Pages Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Improving Anxiety Symptoms, Behavioral Problems and Parenting Stress in Taiwanese Children with Anxiety Disorders and Their Mothers This study sought to explore whether or not individual cognitive behavioral therapy showed any improvements in Taiwanese children who were diagnosed with anxiety. Furthermore, to indicate if cognitive behavioral therapy improved their symptoms, helped with any behavioral issues, and aided to alleviate any parental stress feltRead MoreInsomnia814 Words   |  4 PagesTechniques Used to Treat Insomnia Theresa Duarte PSY 101 Freshman Introductions to Psychology November 24, 2014 Techniques Used by Professionals to Treat Insomnia I. Summary and Analysis of the Research. Majority of clinicians are not certain on whether to use medication or behavioral therapies to treat insomnia. Majority of them are not aware of the effectiveness, usefulness, and the importance of non medication methods. The topic here will discuss the various methods that healthRead MoreInsomni Behavioral Interventions For Insomnia1425 Words   |  6 Pages Insomnia Many people experience insomnia and are not even aware of how common this disorder have become. This paper is to present an overview of behavioral interventions for insomnia. Behavioral interventions for insomnia include relaxation training, stimulus control therapy, sleep restriction therapy, sleep hygiene, paradoxical intention therapy, cognitive restructuring, and other approaches. These are briefly explained in detail. Scientifically, insomnia is a general clinical term thatRead MoreSymptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia Essay924 Words   |  4 PagesSymptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia Insomnia, defined as difficulty in initiating or maintaining a restorative sleep that results in fatigue, the severity of persistence of which causes clinically significant distress or impairment in functioning (VandenBos, 2007, p. 485), connected with the pineal gland in the brain that produces melatonin that works with ‘circadian’ rhythms, which in time helps control sleep (Gillam, 2009). Through use of polysomnography, researchers find the possibilityRead MoreSymptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia Essay917 Words   |  4 PagesSymptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia The APA Dictionary of Pscyhology defines insomnia as a difficulty in initiating or maintaining a restorative sleep that results in fatigue, the severity of persistence of which causes clinically significant distress or impairment in functioning (VandenBos, 2007, p. 485). The pineal gland in the brain produces melatonin that works with ‘circadian’ rhythms, which in time help control sleep (Gillam, 2009). By use of polysomnography, researchers find thatRead MoreEssay about Insomnia1176 Words   |  5 PagesInsomnia Lying among tousled sheets, eluded by sleep with thoughts racing, many people wrestle with the nightly demon named insomnia. Insomnia is defined as, the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of one or more of the following: difficulty falling asleep, waking up frequently during the night with difficulty returning to sleep, waking up too early in the morning, or unrefreshing sleep (Rajput 1431). Because the definition of poor-quality sleep is not theRead MoreSleep Disturbances And The Multifactorial Nature Of Insomnia1548 Words   |  7 PagesAge-Related Changes. The previously discussed models and hypotheses are important in understanding the foundation of sleep disturbances and the multifactorial nature of insomnia. However, it is imperative to also acknowledge the age-related changes that effect sleep architecture and sleep patterns in older adults. The medical field has defined individuals over the age of 65 as elderly, and those over the age of 7 5 as geriatric. Many changes involving how sleep is initiated and maintained occurRead MoreInsomni Symptoms And Factors Essay1069 Words   |  5 PagesInsomnia Introduction Insomnia is a prevalent health complaint. About 6% to 10% of Americans are suffering from insomnia on a regular basis each year. Insomnia is predominant Among elderly people, People with chronic medical illness, and Those with anxiety or depressive disorders. In patients with cancer, insomnia is reported to be a common problem. The causes for insomnia in patients with cancer are related to psychological factors (anxiety or depression), pain, treatment-related toxicityRead MoreTreatment Of Schizophrenia And Generalized Anxiety Disorder1427 Words   |  6 Pageselectroconvulsive therapy when the disease is extensive (Watson, 2005). The complications in the treatment of the disease include headaches and disorientation. Schizophrenia is disease of the mind that makes it arduous for an individual to tell between the real and what is unreal. The symptoms of schizophrenia include obscured thinking depression and hallucinations among others. The treatment of schizophrenia ranges from pharmacotherapy to psychosocial interventions such as skills training, family therapy and

Thursday, May 7, 2020

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) - 2150 Words

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Human Immunodeficiency virus, also known as HIV. It is a virus that attacks our immune system, rendering it useless that it is unable to fight even the basic of infections. HIV is known as a Lentivirus it is known to make you sick but slowly; from the time you get infected to the time you get sick may be 7 to 8 years thus making it a slow virus. It is also a Retrovirus most virus are DNA virus, your bodies instruction manual is written in DNA (instructions for making proteins) but HIV uses RNA and converts this into DNA once it is inside the host cell, incorporating its viral DNA into the host cell’s DNA so the host cell can make more HIV cells. There are many different ways one can get HIV. HIV is†¦show more content†¦Now this is not the same as unprotected vaginal sex which has the second highest risk of transmission because there is exposure to sexual fluids such as semen, vaginal fluids to the mucous membrane. Even though vaginal sex has second highest risk of transmission but it is the most common way HIV is transmitted. And this is because overall people have more vaginal sex that anal sex. Oral sex is another way of transmitting HIV: using the mouth to stimulate the vagina, anus or penis which carries the risk of transmitting HIV. Also someone suffering from chlamydia, STI, Herpes or any other form of sexually transmitted diseases increases your chances of transmitting or getting HIV. As your skin, mucous surface, sores and ulcer (symptoms of STI) allow HIV to easily inject themselves. After sexual transmission the most frequent mode of transmission of HIV is exposure to the blood. A way HIV could be transmitted straight into the blood stream could be involving needles. Which may have been contaminated by someone else blood, so for example using intravenous drugs and sharing needles with someone that is HIV positive. Another case can be if you are a health social worker and you and are taking a sample of blood from a patient and accidently get struck by the needle, there could be a risk of HIV transmission.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Cardio Free Essays

The angle and camera movement was mainly focused on Rick and his surroundings. . Discuss the use of at least three of the conventions of continuity editing used in this sequence as discussed in your text, starting on page 340. We will write a custom essay sample on Cardio or any similar topic only for you Order Now The scene was mostly based around the 1 80 degree rule, It Insured that I was not confused or It was Inconsistent. One example was when Sam was playing the Plano and the some background that was necessary was exploited. The A-line and B-line match was directed between Rick and his friend having conversation. The cross cutting created suspense when Islam and Rick met by the Plano when Sam and was playing the piano. C. This sequence is part of the plot’s exposition. Define â€Å"exposition† as it is used in terms of plot. (You first encountered this term in the chapter on narrative. ) In this Sibilance? Exposition in terms of plot is a form of discourse that explains, defines, and interprets. The word is also applied to the beginning portion of a plot in which background information about the characters and situation is set forth. . Watch the sequence in Citizen Kane which begins with a snowball hitting the â€Å"Mrs.. Cane’s Boarding House† sign and ending with the sled being covered by snow. This sequence is approximately four minutes long. (1) How many shots are there? I counted 2-3 shots. (2) Describe the use of the camera, including camera angle and movement and the types of shots used in this short sequence. The angle I would describe this scene as would b e a long shot. The focus was on Mrs.. Kane, Mr.. Kane and Jaw Getty’s while Junior was in the background outside playing in the snow. The camera followed the characters as well. Therefore, that is why there were not a lot of shots. (3) Notice the composition of each frame, I. E. , the placement of characters and objects within the frame of the shot. What is symbolically significant about this frame composition? The frame composition in this view led me intrigued on when there was going to be the next shot. The camera kept following the characters. All the characters were centered around each other except for Junior was in the background which is to be considered the long shot as in question 2. The images it conveyed was the window in the background and Junior playing in the snow which added a little dimension to the shot. 3. In a minimum of two well-developed paragraphs, compare/contrast the overall editing styles used in Sibilance and Citizen Kane. Be specific about types of editing quenches and transitions between scenes and between shots within a scene. The shots conveyed in Sibilance were more of mid shots than of Citizen Cane. In Citizen Cane there were more transitions fading in and out. Including Atlanta’s groundbreaking â€Å"deep focus† shots and many astonishing scenes, Citizen Kane is not only spectacular to look at, but the whole story telling is astonishing. Consider this famous scene, which captures the breakdown of a marriage in 2-1/2 minutes by furthering the distance of Kane and his first wife, Emily, at the breakfast table. Stupendous. And in terms of ingenuity, nothing in Sibilance compares. The lighting in both movies seemed to be the same considering they were both â€Å"black and white† The two main characters; Ills and Emily Norton were bright and stood out. Although Sibilance had one of the first new editing techniques brought to film I think Citizen Cane had more genius perspectives and editing, shots throughout the movies. Consider the scene in Citizen Cane when Not only has Wells now aged as Kane from about 25 to 70-something, but the shot of Kane walking though his huge, empty house with only reflections of himself is truly brilliant, as both visual imagery and none-too-subtle allegory. How to cite Cardio, Papers

Monday, April 27, 2020

Valentine and I Wouldnt Thank You for a Valentine Essay Example For Students

Valentine and I Wouldnt Thank You for a Valentine Essay Red roses. Chocolates. Paper hearts. All of these things are usually linked to Valentines Day, and love in general. Metaphysical poets used to compare their love to such things, in order to charm women. It was known as using a conceit, often used in a very insincere way. The Metaphysicals intentions were not always honourable and were often exaggerated, and often used hyperboles by using conceits. The poems I am comparing do not show the good side of love, nor were they written in order to charm anybody. These poems mock Valentines Day, and in Duffys case, love in general. Both poets are against Valentines Day, but Duffy seems to be more extreme in her hatred towards love. Both poems have similarities as well as differences. Both poets are female, which is unconventional because love poems are often written by male admirers to woo or compliment a female. Both poets are Scottish 20th Century feminists. Both of the poems are deliberately unconventional, in form as well as content, to break away from the traditional view of a love poem that has been created by Valentines Day. We will write a custom essay on Valentine and I Wouldnt Thank You for a Valentine specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now When we consider Valentine by Carol Ann Duffy we notice is that its not set out in a regular style of a traditional love poem that somebody like Shakespeare would have written. Duffys poem uses a free verse style which reflects her personality. Duffy herself is a feminist who views herself as a woman living in a male-dominated world and in a blatant act of defiance she refuses to follow the trends that have been set by traditional poetry, in an effort not to be viewed as just another twentieth century poet. As I mentioned earlier, it seems that Duffy herself is set against love. Upon doing further research into Carol Ann Duffys personal life, I have discovered that while she was born in Glasgow, she moved to Staffordshire when she was four years old. This information tells us why Duffys Scottish heritage doesnt really show through in her poetry, its because she moved away at such a young age, and its quite unlikely that she grasped some of the traditions that the Scottish tend to have. Also, her profound dislike of men, and conversion to feminism may have begun at the age of sixteen, when she embarked on an affair with thirty-nine year old poet, Adrian Henri. He repeatedly cheated on her, and merely used his gift of poetry to make things up to her. Duffy has a twelve year old daughter named Ella, who is the product of an affair with writer Peter Benson in 1995. Duffy wrote Valentine in 1992, so she still had strong feminist views before this affair. Duffy broke up in 2004 with her long-time lesbian partner and fellow poet Jackie Kay. Duffy has stated herself that, Im not a lesbian poet, whatever that is. If I am a lesbian icon and a role model, thats great, but if it is a word that is used to reduce me, then you have to ask why someone would want to reduce me? I never think about it. I dont care about it. I define myself as a poet and as a mother thats all. The voice in this poem appears to be a couple on Valentines Day, with the female doing the speaking. A lot of the tone throughout the poem is blunt and hard-hitting, things you wouldnt expect in a love poem like words such as lethal, knife and fierce. From top to bottom, the poem is unconventional. The stanza, structure, rhyme and rhythm are all irregular. Interestingly, the poem looks as though it could be split into two halves. Duffy uses literary devices throughout the poems, such as metaphors, emphasis, oxymorons etc. These literary devices have a profound effect on the poem, displaying love in a negative light. But one of the main features of the poem is the conceit that Duffy uses. I touched on this earlier, when I mentioned that Metaphysical poets used conceits to display affection towards women, mainly in order to charm them. Duffy uses a conceit in this poem, but in a completely different fashion. Duffy compares her love to an onion. Throughout the entire poem, she backs her case, comparing the onion to a moon wrapped in brown paper etc. While that quote may been seen as odd or in some cases, romantic in a very unique way but mainly, they seem to be positive. Duffy also uses some comparisons that are very shocking to see in a love poem. Very negative things like its fierce kiss will stay on your lips and it will blind you with tears. The conceit is used overall to subvert the tradition of love. In doing this, Duffy is not only showing the flaws she sees in Valentines Day, she also seems to be wanting to modernise the symbols that we use for love, the tradition that Valentines Day seems to have created. The very same tradition that Carol Ann Duffy is against and she displays it in this poem. The opening line reads Not a red rose or a satin heart. From the very beginning of the poem, it starts out negatively, using the word not. This negativity is then carried throughout the poem. Red roses and satin hearts are traditional symbols of love that may be given to one another at Valentines Day, or as romantic gifts. However, Duffy seems to be mocking these values that most people have of love and implying that they have no true meaning, or likeness to what love is about in her mind. As the old expression goes, Beauty is only skin deep. The following line says, I give you an onion. This line has a very blunt, truthful tone to it. It confirms her honest approach, and that shes being deadly serious about giving her partner an onion. The next three lines say It is a moon wrapped in brown paper. It promises light like the careful undressing of love. Duffy is explaining how an onion works as a love gift. The brown skin is the wrapping paper of the gift, the onion. She then compares her gift to the moon, and the white skin of the onion represents light. Moonlight often provides a romantic setting, so Duffy could have been using this metaphor to represent love. Duffy uses this metaphor in a way that says love isnt always what you expect when you take away the outside layers, and get to know the persons personality a little better, once you peel away the layers. This metaphor questions what love itself is all about. Questions whether or not love really will give you happiness. Duffy is using the onion as a symbol of her love, representing the tougher side of love, the truth about love. Therefore, this poem isnt about Valentines Day. This poem takes a deep look at love. It looks at what love is made up of. The next stanza reads, Here. It will blind you with tears like a lover. .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb , .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb .postImageUrl , .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb , .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb:hover , .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb:visited , .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb:active { border:0!important; } .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb:active , .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u93856439605aaca6c16fa450fab706cb:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: A Brief On Paul Czanne EssayIt will make your reflection a wobbling photo of grief. Duffy is using imagery here, with her handing the onion over to her significant other and saying Here as an imperative command. When we peel onions, our eyes tend to water, with the scent that the onion gives out. In the same way, in a relationship, tears tend to be shed and grief is given when pain is caused by a loved one. Duffy is using emotive language to drive her point across. The next two stanzas are unusual because they are both single line stanzas. It is here, after the third stanza that the poem could be split into two. The first of these single lined stanzas read I am trying to be truthful. By using a one lined stanza, Duffy uses emphasis. She also states the purpose of her unusual gift. The second single lined stanza reads, Not a cute card or a kissogram. As we saw earlier, Duffy rejects the traditional gifts commonly given on Valentines Day. She doesnt approve of commercial tokens of love and once again we see emphasis being used from the first line in the poem. The sixth stanza reads, I give you an onion. Its fierce kiss will stay on your lips, possessive and faithful as we are, for as long as we are. I give you an onion is repeated from the first line for even further emphasis. It also seems to me that it sounds like I give you this ring which is commonly used at weddings, the highest form of love you can possibly show to another person. Duffy uses words like faithful and for as long as we are to refer to the length of time their relationship will last. Fierce kiss is used as an oxymoron, and fierce is a word you wouldnt usually associate with love poems. Will stay on your lips is a very good line because it symbolizes that when a relationship ends, bitter feelings remain. The comparison with an onion works well. After eating an onion, the taste remains in your mouth. And a kiss can remain in a persons mind forever. The final stanza goes Take it. Its platinum loops shrink to a wedding ring, if you like. Lethal. Its scent will cling to your fingers, cling to your knife. Duffy is now demanding that her partner take the gift, Take it. She then compares the onion to a wedding ring, as the loops shrink to the size of the wedding ring, although she quickly adds, if you like. It also suggests that marriage constricts you, as a finger would probably not fit into one of the tiny onion loops. Finally, its unconventional because usually its the man asking the woman to get married, not the other way round and especially in such a peculiar manner. The gentle picture of peeling the onion layers away has been distorted into a much more brutal image of cutting the onion up with a knife. Sometimes people never truly recover from a failed relationship or marriage and theyll continue to feel heartache and bitterness. Thats why its so effective when Duffy says, Its scent will cling to your fingers, cling to your knife. When we look at I Wouldnt Thank You For A Valentine by Liz Lochhead, we see some similarities and differences. Liz Lochhead was also born in Scotland in 1947. She is a well-known Scottish poet, dramatist and performance artist. She began as a teacher in fine art, but became a full time writer in the 70s. While both poets were born in Scotland, its only Lochheads Scottish heritage that shows through in the poem when she uses terms like Same Auld Story and canny be bothered. One of the most important points to remember when comparing these two poems is that unlike Duffy, Lochhead is not against love, she is merely against the artificial aspect of love that Valentines Day has created. Lochhead feels that love has almost been destroyed in the way that people view it, when it seems that they have to buy their partners love with gifts and surprises. As a feminist, Lochhead feels that love shouldnt be used as a profit for a company. The poem itself is set out as a rap, which is immediately peculiar. Not only is it highly unconventional in such a way because love poems are not usually ever written in the form of a rap. But also, it allows Lochhead to bluntly say what she wants, in a way that suits her. In modern day rap music, there is little or no censorship on what some artists will say. Some love poems did have a musical quality to them and could be songs, but that was never done on purpose. So, in the modern era, Lochhead decided to take a modern genre music, but not one that would be associated with love like a ballad, she instead chooses a rap. The first line, like Duffys starts out negative in saying I wouldnt thank you for a Valentine. In fact, not only does it set the negative standard in which the rest of the poem lives up to, it also sounds quite rude and insulting to her partner who had probably gone out and bought her a loving gift, only to find rejection on Lochheads face. The next line emphasises her ungratefulness when it says, I wont wake up wondering if the postmans been. Lochhead then writes, Should 10 red-padded satin hearts arrive with a sticky sickly saccharine. She uses alliteration here, but not just regular alliteration. Lochhead uses an s sound that is usually sounds like a hiss coming from a snake. But one can imagine Lochhead screwing her nose up as she looks at the flowers. Saccharine was an artificial sweetener, which is used to describe the flowers as being fake, and commercial. The next line says, Sentiments in very vulgar verses I wouldnt wonder if you meant them. Lochhead again uses alliteration, but her character is almost in a rage in a sense with her partner who had gone to all this trouble, but shed rather if he hadnt bothered at all. Her no nonsense approach continues in the next line when she begins condescending her partner by asking him, Two dozen anonymous Interflora roses? Her Scottish heritage shows through here when she says, Id not bother to swither over who sent them! . This essentially means that shes not willing to go into a state of excitement over such a trivial gift. .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032 , .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032 .postImageUrl , .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032 , .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032:hover , .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032:visited , .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032:active { border:0!important; } .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032:active , .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032 .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .udc0b05a7bb21e3329f6ad2f839458032:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Poetry Analysis EssayLochhead uses a refrain, for emphasis when she repeats the first line to end the first stanza, I wouldnt thank you for a Valentine. The second stanza begins, Scrawl SWALK across the envelope. Scrawl suggests untidy, or careless. Lochhead uses SWALK, which is an abbreviation for Sealed With A Loving Kiss. The envelope clearly has a love card, or letter inside from her partner. However, Lochhead scoffs and says, Id just say Same Auld Story, I canny be bothered deciphering it. Im up to here with Amore! The whole Valentines Day thing is trivial and commercial. A cue for unleashing clichi and candy heart motifs to which I personally am not partial' Her Scot tish vernacular shines through yet again. Unlike Duffy, Lochhead decides to enter some humour into her poems, and uses a more light-hearted approach. Im up to here with Amore! proves that point as Amore is Italian (known to be a city of love and romance) for love. She uses the term commercial which is how Lochhead genuinely views Valentines Day, as an excuse to buy meaningless gifts, to benefit companies. Take more than singing Telegrams, or pints of Chanel Five, or sweets, to get me ordering oysters or ironing my black satin sheets. Lochhead begins to name companies, in particular Chanel Five which is a brand of perfume, and a very common gift on Valentines Day. However, Chanel Five perfume often comes in very small quantities, so when Lochhead says pints of Chanel Five, its odd because even though that would surely be enough perfume to do her for the rest of her living life, she still is uncaring at the gesture. When Lochhead says to get me ordering oysters its probably because oysters are often seen as an aphrodisiac. The last line declares that her love cant be bought and it will take more than a few gifts to sweep her off her feet. The final line in the stanza is yet another refrain, I wouldnt thank you for a valentine. Lochhead continues, If you sent me a solitaire and promises solemn. This is a clear reference to marriage, which may not be something that Lochhead wants. Took out an ad in the Guardian Personal Column saying something very soppy such as Who loves ya Poo? Ill tell you, I do, Fozzy Bear, thats who! is a humorous oxymoron, because the Guardian is an intellectual broadsheet, one that wouldnt include Personal Columns. However, Lochhead has included it anyway, which is amusing, and keeps the light-hearted aura around the poem. The Fozzy Bear/Poo reference is an attempt at Lochhead to say that love should be deeper than that, and the words I love you should be used when only when you really mean it. In her mind, I love you has lost next to all meaning, and has been completely demeaned. Youd entirely fail to charm me, in fact Id detest it, I wouldnt be eighteen again for anything, Im glad Im past it. The level of negativity is kept when Lochhead says Id detest it. Not dislike, but sheer detest. Lochhead uses a very strong word, and a blunt tone to get her point across. Lochhead refers to her younger days which begs the reader to ask if things like that worked on her when she was eighteen. Perhaps she was talking about something that had happened to her. At the very end of the third stanza, Lochhead repeats, I wouldnt thank you for Valentine. The final stanza begins with Lochhead listing off more items that would fail to do the job, If you sent me a single orchid, or a pair of Janet Regers in a heart shaped box and declared your Love Eternal, Id say Id not be caught dead in them they were politically suspect and Id rather something thermal. Lochhead refers to Janet Regers, which is a very expensive brand of lingerie. Lochhead questions whether this gift is really for her, or has her partner bought it for his own enjoyment? Lochhead, as a feminist, gets to the point and refuses outright to wear it ever, and would rather have something thermal, which isnt attractive at all. Lochhead ends the stanza by saying, If you hired a plane and blazed our love in a banner across the skies; if you bought me something flimsy in a flatteringly wrong size; if you sent me a postcard with three Xs and told me how you felt I wouldnt thank you, Id melt. Lochhead talks about blazing our love in a banner across the skies which is something you would see in a Hollywood blockbuster, not something that would usually happen in real life. Lochhead uses alliteration when she says something flimsy in a flatteringly wrong size and criticizes her partner for purposely buying something too small, in a pitiful attempt to buy her affections and love. At the very climax, Lochhead says I wouldnt thank you which is a refrain from the end of the previous three stanzas but instead of saying for a Valentine she says, Id melt. What the reader has to understand is that Lochhead is not saying she melt with love, shes saying shed melt with embarrassment. When it comes to love, I feel that neither poet is right. Duffy has clearly been hurt in the past and is either given up on love totally, or is living in fear of rejection. I support Lochhead when she says that Valentines Day is a commercial attempt to dig deeper in our wallets, but I doubt that if somebody gave me a gift for Valentines Day, that I would send it back in their faces. Love is a difficult subject, especially for me to criticize, when it doesnt carry any of the heavier responsibilities for me yet, like marriage, children or finance. However, I feel that love should be embraced, and not criticized. Both poems put down the image of love that the modern public perceives. But in my mind at least, I can just say that if it makes them happy, then I have absolutely nothing against it.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

The eNotes Blog Review Strategies You Need to Know for FinalExams

Review Strategies You Need to Know for FinalExams Final exams are right around the corner, and as much as you may be looking forward to a winter break, you need to get through tests first. Before you can open presents, enjoy a cup of hot cocoa, and sleep in late, you need to prepare for your end-of-semester tests. As you begin studying, take in these unique study tips to help you review for your exams. 1. Interactive group study sessions There’s a reason your grade school teachers used to have the class play games to remember content. For one, they’re fun and engaging. Secondly, reviewing with different techniques - something that gets you talking or away from reciting notes - can help you retain information in a way that traditional study techniques may not always do. Sure, you could get fancy and make an online Jeopardy game, but it doesn’t necessarily have to take that much effort. Even studying flashcards with friends can be a great learning technique. Having someone with you to keep you accountable and make sure you are explaining concepts fully can make studying more effective. 2. Create your own test How do you prepare for a test if you have no idea what the questions are going to be? It’s simple: you predict the questions. Look through your material and think about what questions your teacher may ask. As you review your notes, textbooks, and previous quizzes, think of ways the information can be consolidated and how your teacher or professor could frame the test problems. Are there certain trends and themes that you may be asked to summarize on a test? Are there bullet points or timelines that would make an easy quiz question? You can always look at previous quizzes to see what types of information your teacher often looks for. Use these to create a practice quiz for yourself, then try to answer the questions without your notes. 3. Practice stress management strategies Preparing for an exam doesn’t only mean learning the content; stress management is important, too, as it can not only help you prepare for an exam, it can also help you during exam time. Part of keeping your cool during an exam is realizing that stress can be managed and channeled for good. One way to channel your stress is to ensure you take breaks while studying. Breaks are a great way to let your mind rest and allow it to retain information. This doesn’t mean totally zoning out, however. Try taking productive breaks, like throwing in a load of laundry, or completing another small chore that will allow you to check something off your to-do list. This can help manage your stress and allow you to be totally focused on studying when it’s time to do so. 4. Turn every room into a study room One of the biggest myths about studying for tests is that it has to happen at a certain time, in a certain place. On the contrary, studying can happen anywhere, at any time. Why can you only learn in the library? Instead of cramming before a test, use this strategy to study throughout the semester to learn your content. Use notecards or post-it notes to turn any room into a study room. Is there a fact that you are having difficulty remembering? Try posting it on your bathroom mirror and looking at it as you get ready in the morning. Place post-it notes around your bedroom or in other places that you typically pass through. As you walk by them, you’ll begin to recall them. Then, when you’re taking your test, you’ll be more likely to remember the information. Happy studying! Brittany Phillips is a contributing writer for Varsity Tutors, a live learning platform that connects students with personalized instruction to accelerate academic achievement.

Monday, March 2, 2020

Definition and Examples of Declarative Questions

Definition and Examples of Declarative Questions A declarative question is a  yes-no question that has the form of a declarative sentence but is spoken with rising intonation at the end. Declarative sentences are commonly used in informal speech to express surprise or ask for verification. The most likely response to a declarative question is agreement or confirmation. Examples and Observations You think Im kidding you? You think its a joke to have to walk home on a clear night with an umbrella? You think that because Im quirky I dont hurt? Youve got it backward. Im quirky because I hurt.(Jack Weston as Danny in The Four Seasons, 1981)Henry Rowengartner: Wow, you ate that whole thing?Frick: Why, sure! It wasnt that much.(Rookie of the Year, 1993)This isnt working out, Jin-ho said. Were going to have to let you go.Youre firing me? she said.Yes. Ann will call you Monday re the paperwork.Youre firing me  at a bar? Outside the bathroom in a bar?â€Å"Im sorry if it doesnt suit your high standards.(Stephanie Clifford, Everybody Rise. St. Martins Press, 2015)Vivian: I was supposed to ride that barrel right out of this crummy town.Jaye: And you never considered a bus?(Barrel Bear, Wonderfalls, 2004) Declarative Questions vs. Rhetorical Questions A declarative question has the form of a statement: ​Youre leaving? but has the intonation of a question when spoken and is marked by a question mark in writing.A declarative question differs from a rhetorical question such as: Do you think I was born yesterday? in two ways:(Loreto Todd and Ian Hancock, International English Usage. Routledge, 1986) A rhetorical question has the form of a question:Was I tired?A declarative question seeks an answer. A rhetorical question requires no answer since it is semantically equivalent to an emphatic declaration:Do you think Im stupid? (i.e. Im certainly not stupid)Am I tired? (i.e. Im extremely tired.)

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Assume that you have been newly Appointed as a Services Marketing Essay

Assume that you have been newly Appointed as a Services Marketing Consultant - Essay Example Thus, the fast food restaurant is found to abstain from beef and use mutton while producing and selling non-vegetarian products like hamburgers in India. Such working on continuous innovation helps the company fit into the tastes and likings of the consumers of different regions. Place In terms of location, the fast food restaurant focuses on enhancing its market share pertaining to a particular region through the opening up of large number of outlets in different parts. Thus it has been able to open up numerous restaurants around the globe which in turn help the company to gain on its profits and market revenues. Price In regards to the price mix it is found that McDonald’s works continuously in revising its pricing strategies based on the social, competitive and business environment of a particular region. ... The company, in relation to advertisement activities, works in engaging celebrities to enhance its brand image through visual and print advertisements. Similarly, the company invests largely in active sponsorships of different sporting events ranging from Olympics to other international sporting agendas. People In regards to employing people, the company largely focuses on gaining the advantage of skilled labour sets from the local communities while closely following the legislations pertaining to employability of people in the region. Further, the company also works in developing the skill sets of the employees to fit to local tastes by working on the development of adequate training programs. Process Though McDonald’s works on a global plane in meeting the fast food requirements of people belonging to different regions, yet it renders the main focus on meeting the aspirations of the local consumers. Thus, the organisation has worked in developing standardised rules that woul d help the company largely control the actions of the suppliers and other such stakeholders in meeting the quality needs of the local people. Physical Evidence The fast food restaurant working on an international plane closely focuses on providing a clean space wherein the customers can relish and enjoy the ready-to-eat products by sitting with their friends and families. Moreover, the company works towards providing the customers a large variety of food products that are produced in a quick fashion while focusing to sustain the quality of the produces as well (Vignali, 2001, p.99-110). This discussion thus reflects on the aspects that how McDonald’s works on gaining the advantage of aligning the seven service marketing mixes to help enhance on the parameters of consumer and